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SAT Reading: Sentence Completions

Sentence Completions

Select the word that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

Many people in the northeast of Spain speak a language called Catalan that is ------- from the language commonly known as Spanish.

A.  increased

B.  distinct

C.  bereft

D.  eclectic

E.  missing

 

Knowsys Method

Always start by covering up your answer choices so that they do not distract you.  Read the sentence carefully.  There are two different languages named: Catalan and Spanish.  The missing word in this sentence supplies their relationship to one another.  It may seem difficult to predict a word to describe that relationship, but you know that this word must recognize the difference between these two languages because they are named separately.  Look down at your answer choices.

A.  What does it mean to increase a language?  "Increased" is not a word that is used to describe the relationship between two different languages.  The word "increased" indicates a change in number, and languages cannot be numbered (although you can number the people who speak them).  Eliminate this choice.

B.  The word "distinct" is related to the word "distinguish."  If you can distinguish two languages, then they are clearly different.  That matches your original thoughts, and your prediction that the word would define the relationship between the two languages.  Keep this choice and quickly check the others.

C.  The word "bereft" may look difficult to you.  Some students choose the most difficult word as the answer, but you should go with what you know over what you do not know.  The word "bereft" is often used in negative contexts, as in the orphan was "bereft" of her parents at an early age.  The original sentence does not call for a negative word, so eliminate this choice.  

D.  The word eclectic is not used to describe the relationship between two things.  It is used to describe the makeup of a single thing.  Eliminate this choice. 

E.  This word does not make sense in context.  Neither of the languages is "missing" because they are two separate languages that are spoken.  Eliminate this choice.

 

The correct answer is (B). 

This is a medium level question. 

 

Words used in this SC: 

Distinct: unique

Bereft:  deprived

Eclectic: composed of elements drawn from various sources