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SAT Reading: Sentence Completions

Sentence Completions

Select the words that best fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

The uncooperative participants ------ the tour leader’s attempts to round them up and keep them on scheduling, resulting in the entire group missing the bus.

A. discharged
B. implemented
C. forfeited
D. thwarted
E. redoubled

Knowsys Method

Always start by covering up the answer choices so that they do not distract you.  Read the sentence carefully, then predict what you think the answer should be.  Since the participants caused the group to miss the bus, they must have hindered the leader’s efforts.  So, let’s predict “hindered.”

A. The verb “discharge” has several meanings:  1) to unload (e.g., to discharge the cargo), 2) to fire (e.g., to discharge a gun), 3) to emit (e.g., to discharge a substance), and 4) to get rid of something (e.g., to discharge a responsibility).  None of these mean “to hinder” so we will eliminate it.

B.  To “implement” is to put into action. Eliminate this choice. 

C. To “forfeit” is to lose or become liable to lose something as a result of a failure (you forfeit the right to go the mall with your friends when you fail to clean your room).  This doesn’t match our prediction.  Eliminate it.  

D. To “thwart” is to prevent something from happening; you can thwart a person, a plan, a purpose, etc.  This works!  Let’s check E quickly, and then we’re done.

E. To “redouble” is to double or make something twice as great.  The common phrase is to “redouble your efforts” by trying twice as hard.  Eliminate it.   

 

The correct answer is D.

Level:  Medium

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