Choose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
Sentence completion questions provide you with answer choices, but four out of the five they give you are incorrect. Do not look at the answer choices until you have read the entire sentence carefully and predicted a word to fill the blank. Using this method, you will match your prediction to one of the answer choices and eliminate all of the answers that do not match. Make sure that you check your prediction against all of the answer choices.
The senator chose to incur dislike rather than ------- her principles to win favor with the public.
This sentence uses the word “incur,” but you need not be intimidated by this word. Paraphrase the sentence: “The senator chose dislike instead of doing something to her principles to win favor with the public. When people want others to like them, they often feel pressured to give up their principles. Use “give up,” “relinquish,” “abandon,” or any words meaning the same thing as your prediction.
(A), (B) and (E) are all positive words that describe what the senator would like to do in relation to her principles, but they do not fit in the original sentence because “rather than” tells you that she will not be doing the thing that fits in the blank. (C) does not make sense because “accusing her principles” will not win the senator favor. The only word that matches your prediction is (D) “compromise.” When you compromise, you must give up some of your desires to satisfy the desires of others.
The correct answer is (D).
Words tested in this SC:
Incur: to bring upon oneself
Gratify: to please
Endorse: to support
Accuse: to blame
Compromise: to settle differences or to make a shameful concession
Advertise: to announce publicly